Chile is situated in the southwestern tip of South America between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean. Its extensive length (4,200 kilometers, similar to a tour of Europe from Lisbon to Moscow) offers a huge variety of landscapes and climates throughout its territory, from the Atacama Desert –the driest in the world — in the far north to Patagonia’s millennia–old glaciers in the south.
The total population reaches over 17.000.000 and the country is divided in 15 administrative regions from north to south, being Santiago, its capital city and the place where over 1/3 of the population lives (quite a lot!). The official language is Spanish, and 69,5% of the people declare themselves as Catholic.
Noted for its stability and sustainable growth, Chile is one of the great economic success stories of Latin America and one of the few countries that has maintain a sustainable growth during the last crisis. The main economic activity is mining, being copper the main mineral since Chile produces 1/3 of the total production of the world. Chile also is well known for its wines and salmons both worldwide known and a must try during your visit!
Some Cool & Fun Facts!
– Chile is one of the few countries that has territories in 3 different continents: the mainland located in America, Eastern Island in Oceania and the territories in Antarctica.
– Chile is one of only two countries in all of South America that does not border Brazil
– Over 1/3 of the world’s copper production is produced in Chile (did we already said that before? haha).
– Chile has one of the longest recorded dry spells in the Atacama Desert it did not rain for 40 years.
– The number one world exporter for Salmon is Chile, It topped the united states in the early 2000s
– Contrary to popular belief soccer is the most popular sport in Chile
– Along the mountainous region of Chile, there are over 1300 volcanoes and a number of them can still be active.
– Chile declared itself as an independent nation in 1818 but the Spanish Colonial Rule only recognized it in 1913.
– Chile has the largest annual fireworks show in all of South America, in the City of Valparaiso for new year´s eve.
– Chile has one of the world’s largest and most deserted deserts known as “Atacama”
– The city at the very tip of Chile called Punta Arenas it is the southern most city on a continent in the world.
– The southernmost village in the world is also in Chile Called “Puerto Williams”
– Chile also has the one of the highest lakes above sea level in the world called “Lake Chungara”
– Chile has one of the longest coastlines in the world, but also one of the smallest at being 6500 km long (including Antarctica) and 200 km wide.
– The official currency is the Chilean Peso. For trade conversion visit http://www.xe.com/ucc/